How does a photovoltaic farm work?

How does a photovoltaic farm work?

Have you wondered how the photovoltaic power plants that increasingly adorn the Polish landscape work?

1. how does a photovoltaic farm work? Absorption of sunlight by photovoltaic panels:

At the heart of a photovoltaic farm are solar panels, which are made up of photovoltaic cells. These cells, usually made of silicon, absorb sunlight. When light falls on a cell, the energy of the light (photons) excites electrons in the semiconductor material, creating electrical charges. Photovoltaic panels consist of a number of interconnected photovoltaic cells that are capable of converting sunlight into electricity. The semiconductor materials, most commonly silicon, used to build the cells have the unique property of absorbing photons (particles of light) and converting their energy into electricity.

2. converting solar energy to direct current (DC):

The excited electrons create an electric current flow within the cell. This current is direct current (DC). Each photovoltaic cell produces a relatively small amount of energy, so we connect the panels in series and parallel to increase the voltage and current output of the process of converting solar energy into direct current (DC), which is a key step in the operation of photovoltaic farms. This process takes place in photovoltaic cells, which are the basic components of solar panels.

3 Conversion of direct current to alternating current (AC) by an inverter:

In order for the energy produced by the panels to be used in the home grid or transferred to the power grid, it must be converted to alternating current (AC). This task is performed by an inverter, which converts direct current to alternating current, compatible with the requirements of the grid.

4.How does a photovoltaic farm work?Transmission of energy to the tracer station:

The electricity, in the form of alternating current, is then sent to a transformer station at the photovoltaic farm site. The purpose of the substation is to match the voltage level of the generated power to the requirements of the transmission grid, usually by raising it.

5. distribution of energy to the electric grid:

Once the voltage is converted, the energy is ready to be sent to the local distribution network or the national transmission network. Thus, the energy produced at the photovoltaic farm can power households, businesses and other energy consumers. Advanced energy management systems monitor the flow of energy from the photovoltaic farm to the grid, allowing optimization of energy production and distribution. These systems can also automatically respond to changes in grid demand by adjusting the amount of energy supplied.

6 How does a photovoltaic farm work?Monitoring and managing energy production:

We equip modern photovoltaic farms with advanced monitoring systems that continuously track energy production, the performance of individual panels and the technical condition of the entire system. This allows the farm to optimize its operation and quickly detect and respond to any failures or performance drops.

A photovoltaic farm is a complex system that converts solar energy into electricity useful to consumers. With the use of photovoltaic cells, inverters and trafostations, it is possible to efficiently process and distribute the energy produced. The entire process is monitored and managed to ensure maximum system performance and reliability.

Are you planning to build your photovoltaic farm or looking for an O&M service company?

Do you want to purchase a photovoltaic or wind farm project and need an efficient and professional audit / due diligence?

are you looking for a photovoltaic panel recycler or cleaning company for photovoltaic plants and farms?

When you are ready to act,
then so are we!

Call! +48 797 897 895

Leave a Comment


Lighthief is innovation, technology and science in the service of recycling photovoltaic panels and wind farms. The company's topics of interest touch on recovery and recycling in the broadest sense, mainly in the field of RES, or renewable energy sources.


St. Kazimierza 2B, 42-226 Częstochowa, Poland

+ 48 797 897 895

Lighthief {{current_year}}

+48 797 897 895